Clean energy is heat and electricity produced from renewable sources, generating little or no pollution or emissions.
Renewable energy sources include wind, sunshine, water, geothermal heat and biomass. These sources are referred to as renewable because they are naturally replenished.
- Electricity production from fossil fuels is the number one source of greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions cause the earth’s atmosphere to warm, leading to global climate change. Renewable energy avoids generation of harmful smog, toxic build-ups in our air and water, and the negative impacts of coal mining and oil and gas extraction. Replacing our fossil fuel energy sources with renewable ones will take a long time. That is why we need to do more and do it quickly!
- Renewable energy creates lots of jobs. New challenges require fresh ideas and sharp minds, throwing up tremendous career opportunities. More than 7.7 million people were employed by the renewable energy industry worldwide in 2014—already an 18 per cent increase compared to 2013—of which 437,000 people were from India (IRENA). Germany and India rank among the top five largest employers for renewable energy industries (International Renewable Energy Agency). There are many opportunities to become a part of the clean energy revolution: engineering, product design, construction, finance, operations and maintenance are skills that are in great demand. Estimates show that doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030 would result in more than 16 million jobs worldwide.
- Nuclear disasters such as Chernobyl and Fukushima can be avoided. Even though nuclear power does not affect global warming, it does create dangerous radioactive waste. There is no safe way to dispose of this waste, so large quantities need to be stored. People living nearby are scared of the long-term effects. In the worst case scenario, nuclear disasters can occur.
Germany is eliminating nuclear power plants
After the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, Angela Merkel’s government announced that it would shut down all 17 nuclear power plants in Germany by 2022 and would develop additional capacities for the generation of renewable energy instead.
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