60 Years of Indo-German Development Cooperation (2018 | Issue 2)

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India holds the Key

India is a country on the move. There is a churning happening here. The economy is dynamic, society is changing, as are people’s aspirations. There are also many challenges that need to be addressed urgently. What’s Up, Germany? examines why India has such a key role to play in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and what makes it one of Germany’s most important development partners.

India’s economic and political influence has grown substantially. It has the third-largest GDP in the world at purchase power parity and is a leader in information technology, pharmaceutics and space flight. But it is also the third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Overpopulation, poverty and accelerated urbanisation are a great burden to bear: The cities are polluted and there is water shortage and widespread environmental degradation. The challenge is to grow the economy and reduce disparities while also protecting natural resources. Energy requirements have to be met, but in an environment-friendly way. Educational and health facilities and gender equality need improvement.

Development Cooperation in India

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) laid out in the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda seek to end poverty and create a more inclusive and equitable world. These goals cannot be achieved without India. It has an important role to play in keeping the region stable and finding solutions to global challenges like poverty, climate change, environmental degradation and gender inequality. That’s why development cooperation (DC) with India is so critical.

A Broad Vision

Over the years, the Indian government has launched a number of national reform programmes to address the country’s economic, environmental and social problems, such as “Clean Ganga”, “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan”, “Smart Cities Mission”, “Make in India”, “Digital India”, “Skill India” and “24×7 Power for All”. Germany is providing support in the areas of energy, environment and sustainable urban development. This is complemented by sustainable economic development, including vocational education and training (VET).