Science: Made in Germany

We bet you love science! Practically all of us do, whether we realise it or not. From the moment we are born, we try to make sense of the world and improve it. Technically, scientists do exactly the same thing. We benefit from their inventions and discoveries every single day. Few countries have contributed as much to the fields of science and technology as Germany has. It has had 80 Nobel laureates and has traditionally been a pioneer in the automotive, chemical and telecommunications sectors. What’s Up, Germany? brings you some of the best German scientists and “Made in Germany” inventions that changed the course of history.




johannes Johannes Kepler (1571–1630)
As if one breakthrough is not enough for a lifetime, this mathematician and astronomer had plenty, including discovering the three major laws of planetary motion. He was the first to explain the principles of the telescope and give a correct understanding of how vision works.
wilhelm Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845–1923)
This mechanical engineer and physicist accidentally discovered the X-ray while experimenting with electrical currents through cathode-ray tubes. His understanding of electromagnetic radiation changed the way diseases were diagnosed forever, saving many lives.
max Max Planck (1858–1947)
Planck’s quantum theory revolutionised our understanding of atomic and subatomic processes,
earning him the Nobel Prize in 1918. If he hadn’t become a physicist, he could’ve easily become a musician. He knew how to play the piano, the cello and the organ!
christiane Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard (1942–)
This world class German scientist specialises in this world-class biologist specialises in genetics and won the 1995 Nobel Prize for Medicine along with her colleagues for their research on the genetic control of embryonic development.


printing Printing Press (1440): Johannes Gutenberg’s invention democratised knowledge by quickening the pace of information dissemination. The printing press made it possible to produce books and pamphlets quickly, cheaply and in huge quantities.
telephone Telephone (1859):  “The horse does not eat cucumber salad” was the first sentence  transmitted on a telephone device invented by Philipp Reis. Based on his prototype,  Alexander Graham Bell developed the telephone as we know it and changed the way we communicate forever.
cars Cars (1886): Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler independently invented the most coveted German object of desire (apart from beer and soccer): the automobile. Their companies merged to form Daimler-Benz AG. People were initially sceptical about the car, calling it “too loud, too fast, too dangerous”, but it went on to become a craze.
computer Computer (1941): Engineer Konrad Zuse didn’t enjoy manual calculations, so he developed a machine that could do the job for him. The result was the computing machine Z3, which started the digital age—long before Steve Jobs!
chip-cards Chip Cards (1969): Jürgen Dethloff and Helmut Gröttrup created these “pocket-sized wonders”:  tiny cards with integrated circuitry. They found their way into our wallets, in ATM and credit cards.
mp3 MP3 (1987): Researchers at the Fraunhofer Society managed to compress audio with little or no loss of sound quality, and the MP3 format was born, which completely transformed the music industry!