Science creates knowledge, and global society needs new knowledge to handle the challenges of a changing world and ensure everyone’s well-being. Germany is a knowledge hub with institutions that are at the forefront of developing new technical solutions that will pave the way for a sustainable future—for example, the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems set a new world record for solar cell efficiency. India has an increasing need for energy, as the population and consumption per person is constantly rising. Germany and India work closely together to create and implement green energy solutions and to manage the green lungs of our planet: forests.