Honey bees are important pollinators worldwide. India is one of the countries with the greatest diversity of honey bee species. It has at least five different ones! My Indian students and I study the ecology and evolution of honey bee behaviour using state-of-the-art technology. We want to understand how honey bees do what they do and how the different species differ in what they’re doing. I’d also like to help advance honey bee research in India and increase awareness on their importance for food production. However, one should be aware that the issues in India are different from those in Europe and the US.