THE PLANET HAS A FEVER!

Global WarmingThe earth’s climate is changing and experts warn that global warming is happening ten times faster than it did at any time. Human activities are the main cause for the rise in temperature. The effects of climate change are evident around us: more frequent and severe weather-related natural disasters, rising sea levels, melting of polar ice caps and glaciers, and the possible extinction of entire animal and plant species.

CLIMATE CHANGE: WHY IS THE CLIMATE GETTING WARMER?

Climate change: why is the climate getting warmer?

THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT

Some of the infrared radiation passing through the atmosphere is absorbed and re-emitted in all directions by greenhouse gas molecules. This raises the temperature of the lower atmosphere and the earth’s surface, leading to climate change.

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The 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21)

2016-01-page-3-image-14In Paris, 196 parties negotiated a global agreement on the mitigation of climate change. Under the Paris Agreement, countries committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with a view to keep global warming well below two degrees Celsius.

-st yearly climate conference held to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate change.

parties parties attended the COP21.

degrees Celsius is what global temperature rise needs to be capped at. Even a one-degree increase can have serious consequences.

billion US dollars has been promised to developing countries by developed countries each year for climate action.

parts per million (ppm) is the level of CO2 in the atmosphere. It used to be 270ppm in the 19th century.

% biodiversity is what we risk losing by the end of the century if we don’t do something.

pH is the level of acidity predicted in water in 2100. We are currently at 8.1pH, which is considered normal, but is 30% higher than pre-industrial levels.

metre is how much the water level could rise by 2100 if we continue this way.

% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is required by 2030 if we want to achieve our 2-degree goal.