60 Years of Indo-German Development Cooperation (2018 | Issue 2)

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60 Years of Indo-German Development Cooperation

What’s Up, Germany? highlights the important milestones of Indo-German development cooperation over the last 60 years. On behalf of the German government, KfW Development Bank handles financial cooperation, while the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) takes care of technical cooperation.

Indo-German development cooperation

1958

This year marked the beginning of Indo-German development cooperation.

1959

The Rourkela Steel Plant in Odisha and the Indian Institute of Technology Madras were built with assistance from Germany.

Rourkela Steel Plant - Indo-German Development Cooperation

Image: © KfW

Rourkela Steel Plant

Agricultural Development Project in the Nilgiris

1967

Germany supported the Agricultural Development Project in the Nilgiris, which covered over 16,000 farm holdings and helped small farmers to get loans and determine favourable cultivation practices for potatoes.

Foreman Training Institute in Bangalore

1968

The Foreman Training Institute was set up in Bangalore with financial and technical contribution from the state of Baden-Württemberg.

Foreman Training Institute, Bangalore

Image: © GIZ

Foreman Training Institute, Bangalore

1980s

Tool rooms in Aurangabad, Ahmedabad, Lucknow and other cities were equipped with precision machines to help small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). They were designed to develop technical courses to meet the demand for qualified skilled workers and foremen.

1990

Since 1990, Germany has been promoting SMEs in collaboration with the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI).

With Germany’s help, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) launched the Adivasi Development Programme in Gujarat and Maharashtra. It improved the livelihood of over 25,000 tribal households.

SIDBI’s microfinance beneficiaries in a meeting

Image: © KfW

SIDBI’s microfinance beneficiaries in a meeting

Indo-German Watershed Development Programme (IGWDP)

1990s

The Indo-German Watershed Development Programme (IGWDP) was started to restore watersheds. Implemented by NABARD and Indian NGOs, it covered more than 300,000 hectares of drylands.

The Indo-German Watershed Development Programme

Image: © GIZ

The Indo-German Watershed Development Programme

Pulse Polio Immunisation

1996

With a financial contribution of €250 million, Germany has supported the Pulse Polio Immunisation Programme since 1996. In 2014, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared India polio free.

Pulse Polio Immunisation Programme

Image: © KfW

Pulse Polio Immunisation Programme

Indo-German Institute of Advanced Technology (IGIAT)

1997

The Indo-German Institute of Advanced Technology (IGIAT) oversaw vocational training through the Centre for Research and Industrial Staff Performance (CRISP).

1998

Self-help groups were linked to the formal banking system through NABARD, helping over 200 million poor people.

India and Germany signed a Memorandum of Understanding to cooperate in the field of environmental protection.

Image: © GIZ

NABARD Agriculture

2003

The Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN) was launched in 2003, further deepening the partnership between both countries in the energy sector.

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)

2008

Germany supported the launch of the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY), a national health insurance scheme that gave 134 million families access to insurance.

The Indo-German Environment Forum was created to focus on issues relating to climate, energy, water and waste.

Image: © GIZ

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana

2010

Germany provided concessional financing for the 125-MW solar power plant in Sakri, Maharashtra. It supplies 220,000 households with clean electricity. This was later followed by a 50-MW solar power plant near Baramati, Maharashtra.

Solar Power Plant, Sakri

Image: © KfW

Solar Power Plant, Sakri

Green Energy Corridors (GEC)

2013

India and Germany signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the Green Energy Corridors (GEC) project, which transfers renewable energy into the national grid. Until now, Germany has pledged €1.4 billion to the project.

Green Energy Corridors project

Image: © KfW

Green Energy Corridors project

2015

The Indo-German Solar Energy Partnership was formed to provide concessional loans of €1 billion over a period of five years.

The Indo-German Programme for Vocational Education and Training (VET) was launched to help develop a skilled workforce in India.

Vocational Education and Training

Image: © KfW

Vocational Education and Training

Smart Cities Mission

2016

Since 2016, Germany has been working closely with the Indian government to develop Kochi, Bhubaneswar and Coimbatore into smart cities and ensure that an integrated transport system is put into place.

A loan agreement for €500 million was signed to co-finance the building of a modern metro system in Nagpur.

An energy-efficient ferry in Kochi

Image: © German Embassy

An energy-efficient ferry in Kochi

2017

Between 2017 and 2022, Germany will provide financial and technical assistance worth €1 billion towards sustainable urban development in India.

Germany committed €200 million for India’s energy efficiency programme.